Qualitative content analysis is a powerful method for analyzing large amounts of qualitative data collected through interviews or focus groups. It is frequently employed by students, but introductory textbooks on content analysis have largely focused on the quantitative version of the method. In one of the first to focus on qualitative content analysis, Margrit Schreier takes students step-by step through: - creating a coding frame - segmenting the material - trying out the coding frame - evaluating the trial coding - carrying out the main coding - what comes after qualitative content analysis - making use of software when conducting qualitative content analysis. Each part of the process is described in detail and research examples are provided to illustrate each step. Frequently asked questions are answered, the most important points are summarized, and end of chapter questions provide an opportunity to revise these points. After reading the book, students are fully equiped to conduct their own qualitative content analysis. Designed for upper level undergraduate, MA, PhD students and researchers across the social sciences, this is essential reading for all those who want to use qualitative content analysis.
What matters in people?s social lives? What motivates and inspires our society? How do we enact what we know? Since the first edition published in 1980, Content Analysis has helped shape and define the field. In the highly anticipatedFourth Edition, award-winning scholar and author Klaus Krippendorff introduces you to the most current method of analyzing the textual fabric of contemporary society. Students and scholars will learn to treat data not as physical events but as communications that are created and disseminated to be seen, read, interpreted, enacted, and reflected upon according to the meanings they have for their recipients. Interpreting communications as texts in the contexts of their social uses distinguishes content analysis from other empirical methods of inquiry. Organized into three parts,Content Analysis first examines the conceptual aspects of content analysis, then discusses components such as unitizing and sampling, and concludes by showing readers how to trace the analytical paths and apply evaluative techniques. The Fourth Edition has been completely revised to offer you the most current techniques and research on content analysis, including new information on reliability and social media. You will also gain practical advice and experience for teaching academic and commercial researchers how to conduct content analysis.
This textbook covers the theoretical backgrounds and practical aspects of image, video and audio feature expression, e.g., color, texture, edge, shape, salient point and area, motion, 3D structure, audio/sound in time, frequency and cepstral domains, structure and melody. Up-to-date algorithms for estimation, search, classification and compact expression of feature data are described in detail. Concepts of signal decomposition (such as segmentation, source tracking and separation), as well as composition, mixing, effects, and rendering, are discussed. Numerous figures and examples help to illustrate the aspects covered. The book was developed on the basis of a graduate-level university course, and most chapters are supplemented by problem-solving exercises. The book is also a self-contained introduction both for researchers and developers of multimedia content analysis systems in industry. Jens Rainer Ohm graduated in Electrical Engineering at TU Berlin. After his habilitations he became project coordinator at Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute, Berlin. Since 2000 Jens Ohm is Chair for Communications Engineering and Head of the Institute for Communications Engineering at Aachen University.
Graduate students in mathematics, who want to travel light, will find this book invaluable; impatient young researchers in other fields will enjoy it as an instant reference to the highlights of modern analysis. Starting with general topology, it moves on to normed and seminormed linear spaces. From there it gives an introduction to the general theory of operators on Hilbert space, followed by a detailed exposition of the various forms the spectral theorem may take; from Gelfand theory, via spectral measures, to maximal commutative von Neumann algebras. The book concludes with two supplementary chapters: a concise account of unbounded operators and their spectral theory, and a complete course in measure and integration theory from an advanced point of view. TOC:Contents: General Topology.- Banach Spaces.- Hilbert Spaces.- Spectral Theory.- Unbounded Operators.- Integration Theory.- Bibliography.- List of Symbols.- Index.
Erscheinungsdatum: 02/2009Medium: BuchEinband: GebundenTitel: Multimedia Content AnalysisTitelzusatz: Theory and ApplicationsRedaktion: Divakaran, AjayVerlag: Springer-Verlag GmbH // Springer US, New York, N.Y.Sprache: EnglischSchlagworte: Content
Contents: Examples of Nonlinear Parabolic Equations in Physical, Biological and Engineering Problems.- Existence, Uniqueness and Continuous Dependence.- Dynamical Systems and Liapunov Stability.- Neighbourhood of an Equilibrium Point.- Invariant Manifolds Near an Equilibrium Point.- Linear Nonautonomous Equations.- Neighbourhood of a Periodic Solution.- Neighbourhood of an Invariant Manifold.
This book presents the basic concepts and recent developments of linear control problems with perturbations. The presentation concerns both continuous and discrete dynamical systems. It is self-contained and illustrated by numerous examples. From the contents: Notion of state observers Observability Observers of full-phase vectors for fully determined linear systems Functional observers for fully determined linear systems Asymptotic observers for linear systems with uncertainty Observers for bilinear and discrete systems